Rencana Kerja Usaha
Management Plan Summary
Dated Jan 15, 2015
PT. Kandelia Alam, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
PT. Kandelia Alam (referred to as KLIA) was established on November 13th, 2000. The legal basis is: Ministry of Forestry No.SK 249/MENHUT-II/2008 dated June 24th, 2008 covering the Granting of Permits for Timber Forest Product Utilization in Natural Forest (IUPHHK-HA). In the case of KLIA the production forest area covers ± 18,130ha in West Kalimantan. The results of interpretation of Landsat imagery of 2008 and macro delineation activity found that the area consists of 14,048ha of mangrove forest types (77 %), swamp forests 2,986ha (16%), and waterbodies (Pesut river, etc) 1,096ha (7%).
As a company with commitment to always work in accordance with the laws, there are a few rules and standards at national and international level to be used as a reference, such as: Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia (Law, Government Regulation, Regulation Minister), the International Convention (ILO Conventions, ITTA, CITES) and FSC Standards. The company is verified for legality (PHPL – VLK Number: 25-SIC-04.1). The company joined a group that is preparing for FSC group certification and KLIA has made a public commitment to the FSC Principles and Criteria. The key FSC Standards are (FSC-Std-30-005_V1-0_En Group Entities FM Groups; FSC-Std-IDN-01-01-2013 Indonesia Natural Forest Management, Plantations and SLIMF; NEPCon-CoC-Standard-for-FME-1Sep14).
KLIA has a management permit by decree 249/MENHUT-II/2008 dated June 24th, 2008 covering an area of 18,130ha for 45 years (2008 – 2053). The status of KLIA forests is Limited Production Forest (HPT) areas. KLIA is located in the sub-district of Kubu and Batu Ampar, Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan Province. KLIA’s total 18,130ha are managed according to zonation: The zonation is based on the function of forest: Protected Areas (Buffer Zone Protection Forest, Border Rivers/Tidal flow, In-Situ Conservation Area) 3,890ha (21%), Area out of Production (Infrastructure, Rivers and Tidal Flow) 1,136ha (6%), Effective Non-Timber Production Zone and Environmental Services 615ha (3%), and Effective for Timber Production Zone 12,489ha (69%). The productive forested area of KLIA that is included within the scope of proposed FSC certification is ± 16,994ha. Waterbodies (water flow / stream), infrastructure (such as Basecamp, canals) and unproductive areas of ± 1,136ha are included in the scope of proposed FSC certification.
The villages are located around the KLIA concession include the villages of Kubu and Batu Ampar. Kubu village has an area of 234.08 km2 located in Kubu sub-district administration and Batu Ampar (BA) an area of 560.12 km2located in the sub-district of BA, Kubu Raya. Based on 2013 data from the Central Bureau of Statistics the population in the village of Kubu has as many as 1,192 heads of household with details of 2,595 men and 2,574 women or numbered 5,169 people, with a population density of 22 inhabitants/km2. The BA village has a population of 1,721 of household heads with details of 3,965 men and 3,626 women (7,591 inhabitants), with a population density of 14 inhabitants/km2. There are several types of community activities carried out in and around the area near KLIA, which is harvesting fish, crabs, shrimp, “kapah”, forest products and rain-fed rice cultivation. Fishermen from the villages Kubu and BA are operating on the Radak Guntung, Temiang, and Pandu IV river which is included in KLIA’s area, whereas for fishermen from BA more varied like sea fishing in the Kalimata strait. While the search for fish and shrimp are generally performed in the river by installing nets, traps and trapping crabs on the edge of the mangrove forest. In addition to farming and fishing, people also look for forest products, such as wood material for making / repairing houses, producing charcoal, making furniture, work equipment (stalk chopper / ax, rowing, etc.), or make a boat. Non Timber Forest Products include honey, fruits, palm leaf and others. In addition to economic activity, there are also socio-cultural community activities around the working area of KLIA, such as rituals or maintenance activities and security that are considered sacred in the forest and in the territory of each village. Based on identification in each village observations Malays especially local residents have implemented Robo-Robo ritual or ceremony refuse custody planting time until harvest event. In the village there is a royal tomb Kubu (As Sayyid Idrus bin Abdurrahman) and his family and palace buildings.
Social management or development of rural communities around the forest of participatory studies, directed to the issues that still need supporting information and acted upon, among other things: 1) To disseminate the results of the study villages to obtain additional information and knowledge that can complement existing information, evaluation and monitoring of at least once a year. 2) The village boundaries are summarized in the drawing can be used as the initial draft, to draft in the map of KLIA on the recognition of the village/customs of each village observations. 3) socio-economic approach needs to be done through the development of community outreach programs including the annual work plan or socialization, training skills, collaboration/partnership with the local community and cooperation with relevant agencies. 4) It should be taken proposal requests support from the company, but did not rule out the existence of a coaching program at the discretion of the company. 5) In the process of planning and implementation of programs of social management activities, should involve village institutions (Government, Traditional Institutions, Religious Institutions) and transparency communicated to the local community. In addition to the community development support KLIA also opens the opportunity for local people to work as a permanent employee or contract employee, permanent local employee 11 men and 4 women, while the contract employee were 9 men. And to improve the ability of workers training for staff / employees is provided in the field of implementation of Best Management Practices (BMPs) such as reduced impact logging (RIL), Chain of Custody (CoC), Social Management, Environmental Management, Mapping, and others according to the FSC standards.
Based on the biophysical conditions dominated by mangrove forests, the applied silvicultural system is the Mangrove Forest Silviculture System (Seed Trees Method) as stipulated in the Decree of the Director General of Forestry 60 / Kpts / DJ / 1978 dated May 8th, 1978. This silvicultural system has been used by KLIA since 2009 until the present (Jan 2015). The system has demonstrated success, as the following indicators show: 1) The number of natural regeneration two years after harvest based on the inventory of live stands (ITT) is at ± 80%. 2) Landsat imagery of June 2011 indicates that the logged over area in 1996 to 2002 in the S. Pesut Keluang and Sepada area has already established secondary forest. This indicates that the activity of natural and artificial regeneration has occurred. 3) Based on Table Projection Volume Production/Yield Prediction of Rhizophora apiculata at West Kalimantan, Riau and West Papua (Y. Iiyama & F. Mulia, 2004), the volume stands at 25 years after harvest should reach 387.12 m3/ha. 4) The results of Finitya and Prof. Nengah in 2013 with permanent plots based clusters, obtained MAI and CAI on 15-year-old trees of 7.46 m³/ha/year and 23.09 m³/ha/year. On 24-year-old trees, the MAI was of 9.20 m³/ha/year and CAI 12.31 m³/ha/year. 5) The measurement results in a permanent plots on 8-year-old trees, obtained MAI of 5.10 m³/ha/year and CAI 16.01 m³/ha/year. 6) With a 20-year cycle the stand will produce a greater volume than the volume of forest stands. IHMB results are the basis for determining the production target in the KLIA Work Plan document is equal to 184.19 m3/ha, which means logging plan is still lower than its increment.
KLIA manages mangrove forests under inundated conditions when sea water is high and dry conditions when sea water is receding, therefore harvesting activities cannot be done mechanically but are done traditionally using a sled tool called “ongkak” and wooden planks trails when skidding. During high tide the water flow is used to extract cut timber. With the manual chainsaw harvesting techniques, the impact is not as big as it is caused during harvesting activities on land/hill location where heavy equipment is used. Based on the implementation of environmental management and monitoring KLIA carries out every 6 months, it is proven that subsidence has never happened, as well as abrasion or erosion due to the location of the work area located in the area with class delta environment protected from the onslaught of the sea. Based on the survey conducted on annually logged over areas, natural regeneration is on ± 80% of the cutting area and there only needs to be ± 19% area of enrichment planting and ± 1% rehabilitation area (former skid trails and landings).
Based on 2013/14 survey results of HCVF identification, there are two types of forest ecosystems within the concession area